Taxations are the charges levied on an individual or institution by a government agency as a means of compensating them for the costs incurred for their services. A tax is any required financial burden or any kind of levy levied on a taxpayer by an governmental institution to finance various public expenses and government spending. Evasion of or refusal to pay tax, and related offences, is punished by law. Individuals and companies can also be charged with criminal offenses arising from tax fraud and evasion such as tax evasion, bankruptcy, money laundering and embezzlement.
The major source of indirect taxes are indirect transfers of value such as dividends, interest, and rents. These transfers occur through sale of securities, stocks, bonds, and company shares. Direct taxes are payments made directly by an individual or institution to another person or entity. Examples of direct taxes include income tax, corporate tax, personal tax, property tax, sales tax, and inheritance tax.
Indirect taxes can either be direct or indirect. A direct tax is typically collected from an individual or entity by simply paying taxes directly to the revenue department. Indirect taxes are collected from an entity indirectly by paying taxes to the government, a state, or a county. Examples of indirect taxes include the Medicare surcharge, gas tax, Real Estate Owned Asset Excise, and Sales Tax. An indirect tax is normally collected on behalf of the government by a local governing body such as a town, city, or county.
There are two broad types of taxes: direct and indirect. A direct tax is collected from a taxpayer and immediately given to him or her as a monetary payment. Examples of direct taxes are income tax, corporate tax, personal tax, property tax, sales tax, and inheritance tax. An indirect tax is generally accumulated over time by a nation’s citizens through increases in their income or wealth. Examples of indirect taxes include estate tax, gift and inheritance tax, and local property tax.
Tax types vary according to an individual or family’s ability to pay. If a person has the ability to pay an exceptionally large amount of taxes at once, he or she can take advantage of several income tax types, which are known as progressive. Progressive tax rates increase with a person’s income, and a greater amount paid in taxes increases a person’s rate, while paying a smaller amount of taxes reduces it.
The U.S. Congress passed several laws to reduce the amount of individual income taxes and corporate income taxes that nations’ governments levy. The most common type of reduction is through re-vamping the existing corporate tax policy. A re-vamped corporate tax policy means the same laws that apply to individual income taxes will apply to corporate income taxes. When a nation’s government re-vamps its corporate tax policy, individuals who have high incomes are typically able to lower their taxes.